Screen Printing Methods
Screen Printing Methods – Sizzle Promotions
Custom Band, Venue and Event Merchandise :
4-Colour Process Printing:
A 4-colour procedure screen print is comprised totally, as the name recommends, of just 4 colours – Cyan Magenta Yellow and Black (CMYK) – and a white base beneath, if printing on a dark garment.
This printing process works around a comparable technique to an inkjet printer, which likewise utilizes CMYK colours just. Just 4 colours are utilized, each colour (each screen) is printed as a half-tone print (extremely little, really great dots).
When these small dots are seen from a regular range, they appear to the human eye to “mix” to form brand-new colours; depending upon the ratio of each colour to another.
This procedure is special because it enables a practically full-photographic image to be screen printed, with just a small number of colours.
Please note, nevertheless, that 4-colour procedure printing goes through your art work. Some styles might disagree for this kind of print.
Foil Screen Printing with the glue revealing through by Sizzle Promotions
Image: Silver foil with fixative (glue) in beige
Foil Screen Printing:
Instead of ink, a fixative (glue) is travelled through the screen and onto the garment. The foil medium is pushed on top of the glue, producing a reflective metal print.
Foil screen printing colours: Gold, silver, copper, black, blue and red foils
As above, a fixative is printed onto the t-shirt, then the product is used. The flock medium is pushed on top of the glue, developing a print, typically with a velvet-like feel.
Flock screen printing colours: Red, green, blue, yellow, black, white, orange and purple flock colours
Shine Screen-printing includes particles of shine
Image: Glitter silver screenprint consisting of base upon red hoodies and tee shirts.
Shine screen-printing colours: Red, green, blue, gold and silver flashes.
The ink utilized that are then set into the print. This typically has a little less meaning, as a bigger (less fine) screen mesh is required for the shine to travel through.
Glow-in-the-Dark Screen printing:
A white base (or other base colour) is printed onto the tee shirt, followed by a 2nd finishing of a clear ink that shines in the dark.
Puff Screen printing:
When heat-cured, Printed with a speciality ink that broadens. Making a 3D textured print that is raised off the surface area of the garment.
Please Note: Screen printing or Dark garments need a base i.e. addition screen, to make sure colours are at their optimum
CMYK Half-tone Screen Printing
This is the same as a 4-colour procedure print.
Release Screen printing
When screen printing onto garments (especially darker garments), release printing is a procedure which prevents the requirement for a white base (and an additional layer of ink).
Basically, the location that would usually be printed with a white undercoat (or “base”) is, rather, printed with a chemical that gets rid of the pigment from the material. This leaves a white, or “bleached” base print, which can either be left as-is, or can then be screen printed on top of according to the routine screen printing process.
Dyes can often likewise be contributed to this procedure, all at once getting rid of the pigment and coloring the printed location an alternate colour.
Please keep in mind that these colored colours are less precise than those that can be attained with screen-printing inks.
A Spot colour is simply a solid colour, without gradients or mixes of colour – The advantage of a spot colour is that it can be printed with a single screen (excluding white base) and comes up brighter, and more accurate in colour, than blended colours (eg CMYK/4-colour Process screen-print).
A good example of print that could be achieved with 2 spot colours is the McDonald’s logo:
The golden arches (M) logo is a plain, solid yellow – without texture, or “shine” or colour highlights.
Likewise, the White McDonalds’ text is a solid, white, with no parts brighter or duller than any other – the same white throughout.
This is what we are referring to when we talk about “spot colours” – if you have “one colour” in your print (ie. Green) it needs to be the exact same green throughout to be classed as a “spot colour”. If it has any shadows, lighter green highlights or gradients (even if they are only a slightly different green) then it is not a spot colour and will need to be printed with a CMYK halftone mix, or with multiple spot colours.